Chess Composers E. E. Westbury Problems - Page 2
 

 

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Problems - Page 2
Written by Michael McDowell   
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(11)

3rd Prize, Brisbane Courier 4th Half-Yearly Ty., 1917-1918

3R4/s1p1rp1p/2pBkbbR/7p/KS3Q1r/1p4S1/8/7B

Mate in 2

A half-pinner with a fine thematic key which pins the queen in preparation for the matching bishop unpins. Note the set mate 1...c5 2.Bd5. Ellerman showed the same main variations in the following problem, but his key is inferior, and the major dual 2.Qb3 arises after some queen moves.

(11b) A. Ellerman

Our Folder, February 1918

1q1R4/3b4/1Q1bp3/S2kp3/S2P4/5p2/2BR4/1K1s2B1

Mate in 2

(12)

3rd Prize, Densmore Memorial Ty., 1918

6B1/7Q/ppKP3b/2BR4/p2p4/Sk1pr1s1/3RP1qp/1S3bs1

Mate in 2

The two leading variations 1...Re4 and 1...Rf3 feature black line-opening and interference unpins, plus white line-closures. Again economy is sacrificed slightly to attain accuracy. The pieces on g1 and h2 can be safely removed.

(13)

L'Eco degli Scacchi, 1918

8/3K4/8/3kPp2/1R1b1Q2/2P3S1/3s4/1b1R2q1

Mate in 2

A beautifully simple setting yielding 4 half-pin variations, three involving selfblocks and the other an interference. The only weakness is the e5 pawn, which is used solely to provide a key. Compare Mansfield’s dual-free Meredith, with a much better key but only three half-pin variations. I do not know which problem was published first.

(13b) C. Mansfield

1st HM., Good Companions 8th Meredith Ty., November 1918

8/8/q1p5/p7/B2Q4/p2S4/Rs1bk1K1/8

Mate in 2

(14) with A. Ellerman

3rd HM. e.a., Our Folder, February, 1919

4Q3/4spq1/1p1kbb1R/2p1R1p1/1r4S1/Sp6/4Bp1B/5K2

Mate in 2

Correction play, with the two leading variations show typical Good Companions complexity.

(15)

2nd Prize, British Chess Problem Journal, June, 1919

2b1sQ2/8/1S2pPK1/r3k3/p2b2R1/2sp1R2/1B3p2/q3r3

Mate in 2

Removing the d4 bishop allows both 2.Rg5 and 2.Qf4, which are separated by the arrival effects of 1...Bxb6 and 1...Bc5, while 1...Be3 eliminates both only to let in 2.Re4, which completes the half-pin.

(16)

1st Prize, L'Italia Scacchistica, 1924

4Q3/BB5p/2Spbbp1/3k1qR1/1sps4/1r2pP2/1pS5/1K1R4

Mate in 2

Complex interference play. The star variation is 1...Sd3, defending by unpinning the d4 knight, but also unpinning the c2 knight and interfering with the rook to allow 2.Sxe3. 1...Rd3 again unpins d4 and c2, and unguards b4 for 2.Sxb4. 1...Be5 unpins the queen, but unguards e7 for 2.Se7.

(17)

1st Prize, BCF Ty. No. 3, 1929-1930

2S5/1p6/1S6/2k3bR/P2p3p/1K3QPr/PPB1PB1P/2R4b

Selfmate in 3

The white b-pawn blocks three squares. A widely-reproduced problem which I feel is somewhat overrated, as there are few possible ways for Black to reach the white king.

(18)

1st Prize, Bristol Times and Mirror, 1930

8/p2b4/4p1p1/K2kr1r1/1RRp4/B3pSQS/1p6/1B6

Mate in 2

Parallel batteries give cross-check pin-mates.

(19)

1st Prize, The Puzzler, 1933

b5rq/2BPPpb1/1p1r1k2/5B1p/3p3P/4RRS1/3Q4/2K5

Mate in 2

A tremendous variety of interference plus line-opening and closing effects. The force is fully utilised, and the play is completely accurate. My favourite Westbury problem. I wondered if the sequence 1...Rxd7 (=1...R random), 1...Rc6+ and 1...Rd5 shows tertiary black correction, but I have my doubts, as 2.Se4 exploits the secondary error (interference on the bishop) and not some new error introduced by 1...Rd5.

(20)

1st Prize, BCPS 34th Ty., 1938

1K6/2S1R3/3b2ps/1p4p1/1r3kp1/1p2S3/4p2P/2Q3sB

Mate in 2

Less complexity, but a very artistic work. The bishop captures of Q and R force the unpinned knight to choose carefully in Java style to avoid self-interference. There is a nice contrast with the pair of knight selfblocks at f5 and f3 which allow self-interference mates! The b3 pawn ensures complete accuracy by confining the rook.



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